1.1 Background to the Study
In a bid to ensure accurate and precise account of activities of the Nigerian military, especially in its ongoing Boko Haram counter-insurgency operations in the North East, former president Goodluck Jonathan in 2015 inaugurated the first digital armed forces radio station in Abuja. The radio station, with frequency 107.7FM, has being transmitting sessions that covers all military activities especially on Boko Haram operations.
The Nigerian government launched armed forces radio as strong weapon to determine outcomes of Counter Insurgency (COIN). Conversely, Boko Haram groups also use radio as a tool to effectively tilt public opinion. As a tool of insurgency and COIN, the media is an important element in opinion building, creating heroes and villains, and creating monsters and enemies. When effectively deployed by insurgents, the media becomes a threat to National Security (NS) and when properly used by the agents of the state such as the military, the media serves the purpose of enhancing national security.