Background to the StudyDemocracy is a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting in elected government through an electoral process, who in turn return democratic dividends to the people. The issue of corruption constitutes a fundamental phenomenon in our contemporary society as it has affected various sectors of the economy and fundamentally impeded the electoral process in Nigeria. Nigeria has over the years suffered from corruption and the effect has exacted untold hardship on the living standard of the people and hindered the pace of development of the economy of the nation. Election riggings in Nigeria has dealt a huge blow to the development of democracy in Nigeria. Nigeria’s elections so far have not lived up to expectations due to various forms of electoral manipulations which has denied the country credible free and fair elections in her body politic.
Election rigging has not only marred democratic consolidation in Nigeria but has also violated the fundamental human right of citizens. Electoral fraud, sometimes referred to as election fraud, election manipulation or vote rigging, is the process of interfering in the electoral process illegally with the intention of adding votes in favor of a particular candidate, reducing the votes of the rival candidates, or both. Rigging of an election involves the manipulation of the voting process or the counting of ballots so as to produce a false result which distort the outcome of the election, and it’s a systematic effort to do that. It’s trying to get a different count at the end of the election from what the voters actually wanted. The Corrupt Practices and other Related Offences Act, defines corruption as bribery, fraud and other related offences.It covers the deliberate giving and receipt of gratification or bribes to influence the execution of public responsibility, deceitful acquisition and receipt of properties and with full impairment of investigation by ICPC. The Black’s Law dictionary views corruption as the damage of integrity, virtue, or moral principle as it applies to public official duties. The study seeks to appraise corruption in the electoral process. A case study of the 2015/2019 presidential election in Nigeria. Campaigning and Financing.Statement of the ProblemThe current state of politics in Nigeria is far drifting away from the principles of democracy. This due to the fact that political party leaders and those in power do no longer recognize the will of the people. They dominate the people and give no chance for the people to exercise their free will in the electoral process. There have been cases where some people have been threatened and some attacked for not belonging to a particular party or not in support of a particular candidate. The situation where the political will of the people are suppressed is not in line with the principle of democracy.Electoral frauds which among other things include electoral rigging is the order of the day. Politicians now interfere with the electoral process so as to force the people to vote against their will. And sometimes falsify votes in favor of a particular candidate. The problem confronting the study is to appraise corruption in the electoral process in Nigeria.
1.3 Research Questions1 What is the nature of corruption in the electoral process?2 What is the nature of corruption in the electoral process of the 2015/2019 presidential election in Nigeria?What is the level of corruption in Campaigning and Financing the 2015/2019 presidential electoral process in Nigeria?
1.4 Objectives of the StudyThe main objectives of the study include;To determine the level of corruption in the electoral process of the 2015/2019 presidential election in Nigeria.To determine the level of corruption in Campaigning and Financing the 2015/2019 presidential electoral process in Nigeria.