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For any country experiencing rapid technological or industrial changes, manpower development and training is required and important to bring about the desired development.

The origin of the training division in the federal service, could be traced as far back as 1948 when the then governor of Nigeria Sir. Kohn Macpherson appointed the foot commission to make recommendations regarding the recruitment and training of Nigerians for senior posts in the government service of Nigeria.

There were several factors that necessitated the setting up of this commission. Some of these factors arose from the impact of the Second World War on Nigeria’s political evolution. First, was the desire to compensate Nigerians for their enthusiastic, support of the British war efforts. Secondly, the new policy was a reaction to their (Nigerians) constant agitation for senior appointments for Africans and their specific demand that the administrative service be opened tom Africans and that Nigerianisation be actively pursued. Furthermore, many British officials had to be called up for service in (British) thereby leaving gap in the administrative and educational service of the country. Finally, it was difficult to recruit men from Britain after the War because that country itself needed all its manpower for purposes of reconstruction. The result of this is that, the money allocated to Nigeria under the development and welfare fund remained unspent because of shortage of staff which made it impossible to begin the various schemes already worked out. These and other political issues connected with the Nigerianisation policy called for a special study and recommendation. Consequently, then Phillipson/A debo commission was appointed in 1952 to study the progress of Nigerianisation and to review the machinery necessary for carrying it out.

Again, in August, 1995 the house of Representation moved a motion emphasizing the importance of education in speeding up the Nigerianization of the federal public service and urging the needed for the provision of higher training for Nigerians so that they would be able to assume in creased responsibility not only in government service, but in government- owed corporations and in voluntary agency schools. The council of ministers as also called upon to make a comprehensive statement and present specific proposals to this end at the next budget meeting of the house.

The coming of the second Republic further made a change in name of the staff Development Division. This time it was known as manpower department with a full – fledged permanent secretary as the head of department. In an effort to streamline the number of federal ministries by the new administration, the name has again been changed to training division after merging it with establishment department.


It cannot be over-emphasized to state after the public service review commission report of 1974, the federal government has been trying its best to make a sustained effort on the training division in the military government and Head of service, to obtain the manpower resources needed to keep pace with the economic, socio-political changes in the country without much success.  Unfortunately the efforts of government towards achieving this lofty aim have proved abortive.

It is therefore, the mission of this study is to examine why the effort of the government have not yet  yielded the much desired fruits in terms of the fulfillment of the objectives.

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