CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Increasing world population and demand for animal protein have led to an increase in livestock production (Koknaroglu and Akunal, 2013). Small ruminants, including goats, occupy an important economic and ecological niche in agricultural systems throughout the developing countries (Devendra, 2001). In Nigeria and many other developing countries, goats are kept primarily for meat. They also represent a veritable resource for economic development, livelihood security and are of major cultural importance (Taneja, 1982; Terill, 1986). Livestock performance in developing countries is far behind that recorded in the developed world, although it has been predicted that the performance in developing countries (including Nigeria) would sustain the future growth of the world‟s meat production (Rendaudeau et al., 2012). The Red Sokoto goat is the predominant and the most widely distributed breed in the Northern Savannah zone of Nigeria. It is recognized for its high-quality skin, which is used in leather industry, locally and internationally (Akpa et al., 1998).