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PROJECT TOPIC: SOCIAL PERCEPTION OF CAUSES OF DRUG ABUSE IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF RESIDENTS OF IKEJA LAGOS STATE

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CHAPTER ONE

BACKGROUND OF STUDY

Drug abuse is both a global health and social problem with distinct conditions and problems that vary from place to place (WHO, 1987). According to the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental edition (5th ed.) of the american psychiatric association, drug or substance use disorder is a pattern of symptoms resulting from the use of drugs, despite the clear problems associated with using them. The continuous use of psychoactive substances among adolescents and youths has become a public concern worldwide because it potentially causes deliberate or indeliberate harm or injury (Whichstrom & Hegna, 2003; Daane, 2003). Drug abuse, according to Ajayi and Ayodele (2002), is the wrong use or inappropriate use of chemical substances that are capable of changing functions of cells in the body. Bayer, as cited in Egbochuku and Akerele (2007), saw stimulants, which are substances that cause an increase in the activity of an organ in the body, as chemicals that excite certain activities of the central nervous system. Ajayi and Ekundayo (2010) also saw drug abuse as over-dependence and misuse of one particular drug with or without a prior medical diagnosis from qualified health practitioners. They further identified dangerous drugs like cocaine, Indian hemp (marijuana), morphine, heroin, tobacco, ephedrine, valium five and Chinese capsules as few among the drugs commonly abused by youths.


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