BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Oral hygiene incorporates many of the things we do on a daily basis such as brushing our teeth, flossing and using mouthwash. Most of us however do not recognize how important these things are to our health and think of them only as a way to keep our teeth clean and our breath smelling good. In reality, what cause us to have bad breath or sometimes to have bad teeth, is bacteria, and these bacteria can have a number of effects on the rest of our health. It might surprise you to learn, for example, that the number of time you floss, has been directly connected to the development of cancer or stroke. The mouth is particularly a vulnerable area because of the range of things we put in there. For example, we chew our fingers after touching things, we wipe our mouths and we eat foods perhaps no longer that good for us, also it is a warm and moist environment perfect for spread of bacteria ,and because it offers a direct passage to the stomach through which bacteria and germs can pass through into the blood.
Oral hygiene and the oral healthcare services have attracted a great deal of public interest in recent years. Despite the general impression that the oral hygiene of the nation population is good, questions have been raised in various media about the oral health of certain groups, such as frail elderly people and young children. The possible relationship between oral health and other aspects of general health is receiving more and more attention.
In recent years, primary oral care has undergone major changes in relation to funding, the organization of dental practices, the training and responsibilities of the various professional groups and availability of care. At the same time public demand for transparency over quality of care has become more explicit. This poses a challenge for care providers, as there are signs that clinical practice does not always have a clear evidence base and that evidence-based guidelines are rarely followed. There also appears to be a substantial degree of treatment variation.
Oral disease qualifies as major public health problems owing to their higher prevalence, significance and social impact. Oral health is considered as fundamental to general health well-being. A healthy mouth enables an individual to speak, eat and socialize without experiencing any active diseases, discomfort or embarrassment. Oral hygiene knowledge is considered to be an essential prerequisite for health related behaviors.
Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping the mouth and the teeth clean to prevent dental problems, most commonly, dental cavities, gingivitis and bad breath. There are also oral pathogenic conditions in which good oral hygiene is required for healing and regeneration of oral tissues.
These conditions include gingivitis, periodontics’ and trauma such as subluxation, oral cysts and following wisdom tooth extraction.
Oral hygiene is a determinant of general health and quality of life. A combination of measures that includes water fluoridation, brushing, flossing, sealants, good nutrition and regular visit to the dentist can prevent 80-90% of dental problems.
Oral health affects people physically and psyhcologically and influences how they grow, enjoy life, speak, chew, taste food and socialize as well as their feelings of well being. The new mode of care focus on the reintegration of oral health care into primary health care. This concept is been explored in both dental and medical communities one of the keys to improve care is making dental services available ,affordable and accessible for underserved population, providing opportunities for preliminary dental screening and the integration of clinical services.