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PROJECT TOPIC: THE ROLE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH PRACTITIONERS ON INJECTION SAFETY

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CHAPTER ONE

1.1 BACKGROUND

Injection safety, or safe injection practices, is a set of measures taken to perform injections in an optimally safe manner for patients, healthcare personnel, and others. The Standard Precautions section of the 2007 Guideline for Isolation Precautions provides evidence- based recommendations for safe injection practices and reflects the minimum standards that healthcare personnel should follow to prevent transmission of infections in healthcare settings.(Brokensha,1999). Despite these recommendations, outbreaks and patient notifications resulting from healthcare personnel failing to adhere to Standard Precautions and basic infection control practices continue to be reported.(Bhattarai,2000). Unsafe injection practices that have resulted in disease transmission have most commonly included:(Brokensha,1999; Bhattarai,2000).

Using the same syringe to administer medication to more than one patient, even if the needle was changed or the injection was administered through an intervening length of intravenous (IV) tubing(Drucker,2001).

Accessing a medication vial or bag with a syringe that has already been used to administer medication to a patient, then reusing contents from that vial or bag for another patient   Using medications packaged as single-dose or single-use for more than one patient  Failing to use aseptic technique when preparing and administering injections  For these reasons, CDC reminds healthcare personnel of thefollowing practices that are critical for patient safety(Reeler,1990):

Never administer medications from the same syringe to more than one patient, even if the needle is

  • changed or you are injecting through an intervening length of IV tubing.
  • Do not enter a medication vial, bag, or bottle with a used syringe or needle.
  • Never use medications packaged as single-dose or single-use for more than one patient. This includes ampoules, bags, and bottles of intravenous solutions.
  • Always use aseptic technique when preparing and administering injections.

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