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PROJECT TOPIC: TOPOGRAPHIC MAP OF SCHOOL OF BUSINESS STUDIES, FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC NASARAWA, NASARAWA STATE.

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Abstract

Topography is generally known as the study of earth surface, and its features and shape. It also gives the description of the features (such as surface, shapes, vegetation cover and elevations), depicted in maps which are called “TOPO”. In essence, topography mainly concerned with local details such as vegetative and man – made features including local history and culture. More specifically, topographic survey involves the gathering of information on terrain, three dimensional details of the surface including recognizing the specific landforms. In modern terms, it is the generation of data digitally or electronically. The outcome of topographic survey is the graphic representation of a given land parcel on a map using several techniques such as contour lines, hypsometric tints and relief shading. This project is on Topographic Survey of School of Business Studies, Federal Polytechnic Nasarawa, Nasarawa State. This is a third order survey that covers a total area of 3.1 hectares and its scope cuts across; perimeter survey, spot heights determination, and detailing. The project commenced with both office and field reconnaissance from which relevant data and information concerning the project were acquired. Collimation and vertical index error checks were done on the Theodolite. Theodolite was employed to carry out the traversing, dump level was used in detailing and theodolite for spot heighting. Data editing and...


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