The literature has shown that fertility desires are an important indicator that can help us understand and predict the future course of fertility; however, little work has been done on its relationship to ethnicity among women in Ghana using recent nationally representative data. Therefore, this study investigates the relationship between ethnicity and fertility desires among two groups of parous women in Ghana. It critically examines the fertility desires (the desire for an additional child) of women who have their number of living children below and above the wanted fertility rate.
The study was mainly based on the most recent data collected from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. The study utilized a total sample size of 5,584 which consists of women between the age group 15-49 years. The data were split into two groups; the first consisted of women with 1 to 3 number of living children, representing those with children below the wanted fertility rate, with a sample size of 3,437, and women with 4 or more children representing those with children above the wanted fertility rate, with a sample size of 2,111.
Descriptive analysis results indicate an older, uneducated, rural, poorer, agricultural sample in the higher parity group compared to the 1 to 3 parity sample. Out of this, 77.5% of women in the lower parity group desired an additional child, whereas 23.6% women in the higher parity group desired an additional child.