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URBAN & REGIONAL PLANNING PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS


  • 181. IMPACT OF PUBLIC PIT TOILET SYSTEM AND ITS ASSOCIATED PROBLEMS.

    » CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION Background of the study A pit toilet is a type of toilet that collects human feces in a hole in the ground. They use either no water or one to three liters per flush with pour flush pit latrines. When properly built and maintained they can decrease the spread of disease by reducing the amount of human feces in the environment from open defecation. This decreases the transfe...Continue Reading »

    76 pages |  -1 engagements | 

  • 182. RESIDENTIAL LAYOUT CONCEPT

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Residential layout is a geographical localize community within a lager city, town or suburb. Can seen as a district forming a community within a town or city where inhabitants recognize each other by size. Concepts are the art or process of deciding how something will look or work. Residential layout refers to the form, scale and function of buildings and open space (inclu...Continue Reading »

    60 pages |  8,763 engagements | 

  • 183. AN ASSESSMENT OF LAND USE PATTERNS IN UYO URBAN

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION An urban area implies an area with diverse and spatially dispersed land uses. These land uses attract and generate movements to and away from them. Consequently, the more land uses an urban area has, the more diversified or greater the socio economic activities, mobility conflicts vis à vis congestion. These movements will be constrained if the location of the l...Continue Reading »

    60 pages |  1,651 engagements | 

  • 184. AN ASSESSMENT OF CROSS VENTILATION IN PUBLIC BUILDINGS

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION One of the basic necessities of life which are food, shelter, water and Air is of great importance to humans most especially in public buildings where there is high traffic and congestion most of the time. Research has shown that people spend about 90 percent of their time indoor since the majority of people’s daily activities take place indoor, the atmosphere inside...Continue Reading »

    60 pages |  635 engagements | 

  • 185. THE IMPLICATIONS OF AIR POLLUTION ON HUMAN HEALTH IN UYO (A CASE STUDY OF UYO-UR...

    » CHAPTER ONE BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Environment is an important resource that provides livelihood and comfort to man. From the creation, environment remains indispensable to the existence and continuity of lives be it aquatic or terrestrial. This holds true because of the fact that, every living organism breath, eat, engage into some form of recreation and generally, survive through adaptation to ...Continue Reading »

    76 pages |  412 engagements | 

  • 186. ASSESSMENT OF VARIOUS HOUSING PROGRAMMES IN AKWA IBOM STATE

    » Chapter One Introduction 1.1 Background of the Study Housing is one of the basic needs of life. The problem of supply in quantity is experienced in most developing economies like Akwa Ibom State(Ekop, 2006), the study area. This problem has been receiving attention by government and the private sector since the state was created in 1987. The problem is not peculiar to the state alone, it cut acros...Continue Reading »

    76 pages |  431 engagements | 

  • 187. EVALUATION OF THE POLLUTION STATUS IN UYO DUMP SITE METROPOLIS USING AFRICAN GIA...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Introduction Waste generation is an integral aspect of human existence that is unavoidable. It is a product of resource use process that has the capacity to be inconveniencing and harmful leading in extreme cases to pollution with resultant epidemics and catastrophic consequences. Waste is used to describe any item or object that is no longer suitable for use in the owner’s o...Continue Reading »

    76 pages |  427 engagements | 

  • 188. DETERMINATION OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN WITHIN THE AGES OF FOUR (4) TO T...

    » ABSTRACT Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure of adiposity and has been used in many countries for assessment of overweight and obesity. The prevalence of obesity in children is increasing and is recognized as risk indicator of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. The study aimed was to document the Body Mass Index of school children aged 4 10 years. The study also determined the prevalence of overw...Continue Reading »

    76 pages |  400 engagements | 

  • 189. ASSESSMENT OF VARIOUS HOUSING PROGRAMMES

    » Introduction 1.1 Background of the Study Housing is one of the basic needs of life. The problem of supply in quantity is experienced in most developing economies like Akwa Ibom State(Ekop, 2006), the study area. This problem has been receiving attention by government and the private sector since the state was created in 1987. The problem is not peculiar to the state alone, it cut across the whole ...Continue Reading »

    59 pages |  431 engagements | 

  • 190. THE IMPLICATIONS OF AIR POLLUTION ON HUMAN HEALTH

    » CHAPTER ONE BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Environment is an important resource that provides livelihood and comfort to man. From the creation, environment remains indispensable to the existence and continuity of lives be it aquatic or terrestrial. This holds true because of the fact that, every living organism breath, eat, engage into some form of recreation and generally, survive through adaptation to ...Continue Reading »

    76 pages |  383 engagements | 

  • 191. ASSESSMENT OF WATER QUALITY OF SOME PRIVATE BOREHOLES IN HOUSING ESTATES

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Water is an important component of the earth covering about three quarters (3/4) of the earth’s surface and occurs on land, underground and in space. Without water life on earth would be impossible. It is often referred to as the “Liquid of life” because it constitutes up to ninety percent (90%) of the cell and serves as medium for...Continue Reading »

    76 pages |  448 engagements | 

  • 192. URBAIZATION AS AN IMPORTANT DETERMINANT IN SPATIAL ORGANIZATION

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION The term natural vegetation generally refers to the plant cover of an extensive part of the earth. It also refers to the different plant communities found on the surface of the earth. (Monkhouse 1970, Collinson 198). The part of the earth on which plant grow is known as the biosphere. The biosphere is also refers to as an ecosystem because there is an interrelationship bet...Continue Reading »

    59 pages |  401 engagements | 

  • 193. THE EFFECTS OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION ON PUBLIC UTILITIES.

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY We live in a world shaped by human migration. Everyday people make decisions to leave their hometown, or even their own country and move elsewhere to work, study, retire or reunite with their families. Migration has changed the demographic composition of towns, cities and nations. Consider this for instance: in 1960 there were only 30 countries ...Continue Reading »

    76 pages |  1,065 engagements | 

  • 194. INVESTIGATION OF THE TOPOGRAPHY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF UYO PERMANENT SITE

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Topography can be defined as the shape or configuration or relief or roughness or three dimensional quality of the earth surface the object of topographical surveying is to produce a map showing elevations, natural and artificial feature and forms of the earth’s surface. It is drawn from field survey data or aerial photography’s. Topography is a field of ge...Continue Reading »

    59 pages |  698 engagements | 

  • 195. AN APPRAISAL OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES IN NIGERIA 1999-2009

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Development is a necessary aspect of societies, indeed any society without development could be said to be static. Hence all societies are dynamic. Development as a term has been defined by many writers with different views: – Ablu, (1982) viewed development as synonymous with economic growth measured in aggregate terms. Abubakar (1981), s...Continue Reading »

    59 pages |  397 engagements | 

  • 196. SELF HELP PROGRAMMES AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Rural community development through self help approach is an age long social activity in our society. Even before the advent of the colonial administration, people had at different time in history, organized themselves into group and had employed communal resource to provide physical improvement and functional facilities in their respective loca...Continue Reading »

    59 pages |  436 engagements | 

  • 197. IMPACT OF PUBLIC PIT TOILET SYSTEM AND ITS ASSOCIATED PROBLEMS

    » CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION Background of the study A pit toilet is a type of toilet that collects human feces in a hole in the ground. They use either no water or one to three liters per flush with pour flush pit latrines. When properly built and maintained they can decrease the spread of disease by reducing the amount of human feces in the environment from open defecation. This decreases the transfe...Continue Reading »

    76 pages |  498 engagements | 

  • 198. MANPOWER PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR ACHIEVING ORGANIZATIO...

    » ABSTRACT This research focuses on Manpower Planning and Development as an effective fool for Achieving Original Goals, using star paper Mill Ltd Aba as the case study. The problems of this study are numerous, to which one is the absence of administrative control in achieving the overall approved programs. The objective of this study is to map out enough manpower planning time and skills that will ...Continue Reading »

    76 pages |  411 engagements | 

  • 199. PROBLEMS OF TOWN PLANNING DEVELOPMENT

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Town planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and use of land, protection and use of the environment, public welfare, and the design of the urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks. It c...Continue Reading »

    59 pages |  452 engagements | 

  • 200. THE ANTIOXIDANT EFFECT OF SELENIUM ON MALATHION TOXICITY ON THE BRAIN OF MALE W...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1. Background to the Study The single dose acute oral toxicity test is used in preliminary evaluation of virtually all substances of suspected biological activity. The test is based on administration of graded dosage of chemical in relation to body mass. Malathion is an organophosphate insecticide which is registered for agricultural uses and for landscape maintenance, v...Continue Reading »

    75 pages |  44 engagements | 

. ABSTRACT, Proposals, Literature Reviews, Aims & Objectives, Methodology, Surveys & Implementations