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PROJECT TOPIC: IMPROVING VOCATIONAL SKILLS ACQUISITION FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN MECHANICAL TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN UNIVERSITIES IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE)

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CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Entrepreneurship is the process of creating something new of value by devoting the necessary time and eort, assuming the accompanying financial psychic,personal satisfaction and independence (Hisrich and Peter, 2002). Adegun and Akomolafe (2013) explained the concept of entrepreneurship development as a gradual growth of creative and economic and social venture. It involves establishing an individual to explore, opportunities successfully through making a profitable or suffering loss of invested capital. The fundamental “principle” of entrepreneurship as a field of study is that it deals with the organization of knowledge in a particular subject in such a way that it commands more of the hidden potential in the subject in the area of self-employment and job creation. It has to do with system of ideas and values that are now given attention recently as part of the tertiary institution curriculum (Mkpa, 2014). The function of entrepreneurial development at the school or faculty level in conventional institutions is to enable its students to discover, whilst undertaking their regular course of studies, what other relevant work experiences other than those in paid employment of government and other agencies are going on in society by the appropriate entrepreneurs so as to facilitate the direct exchange of information in the interest of students. Entrepreneurship is the process that begins when anyone at all perceives an opportunity and takes decision to exploit it. Exploitation of such entrepreneurial opportunities can naturally involve developing a business plan, securing financial and other necessary resources including applying personal efforts for its success. Entrepreneurship which may operate as in this case study, within a sustainable development is a concept coined in the Brundtland Report (World Commission on Environment and Development Report, 1987) to describe development that “meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.’’ Zhang, J. (2012). In Nigeria there is striking needs and incredible benefits for the nation to channel all possible energy into sustainable developments seen our rural sector, oil and non-oil economy. Nigeria still needs a strong sustainability development reform as a sound economic growth will lead to environmental improvement. Skill acquisition can simply be said to be the process of releasing human energy, it means providing an opportunity for people to make the maximum contribution to their own development and to the self development of their communities. Asante (1991) asserted that skill acquisition will help to reduce the poverty rate if people are trained in diverse areas and they in turn create wealth for themselves and their immediate environment. Everybody cannot get government job or white collar job and hence the need for skill acquisition that will shape and improve the lives of the people who have resigned to fate for lack of job. Electrical, Mechanical, Technical as well as fashion design can be acquired. These skill if well acquire can make the individual to be self-reliant and thus the issue of a burden to others will not be there. Noe et al (2003) suggest that enabling the individual to acquire skill can make him bring about good innovation, good performance, self respect and improvement in their quality of lives.


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