Background of the study
Education is indispensable to national development. The Federal Government of Nigeria in her national Policy on Education (FRN, 2004), highlighted this. The policy states that education is an instrument for national development and that it fosters the worth and development of the individual, for each individual’s sake and for the general development of the society. The Federal Government made provisions for education at the pre-primary, primary, secondary, tertiary levels and adult literacy and non-formal education.
In 1975, the Federal Ministry of Education created an adult and non-formal education branch of the Ministry and in 1977 the first National Policy on Education (NPE) was published. In the document, Adult Education was recognized for the first time, as a driving force for development and the objectives stated as follows:
(i) to provide functional literacy education for adults who have never had the advantage of any formal education;
(ii) to provide functional and remedial education for young people who prematurely dropped out of the formal school