CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study In Nigeria, agriculture is one of the most important sectors of notable economic relevance in her economic development and growth (Jonadab, 2006). It accounts for more than one-third of total Gross Domestic Product (GDP), ensures food security, alleviate poverty and reduce labor force wastage (IFAD, 2009). Nigeria Human Development Index (HDI) value for 1989 was 0.459 in the low human development category, positioning the country at 156 out of 187 countries (UNDFW, 2007) and in 2014; it was 0.471 positioning the country at 153 out of 187 countries (WB, 2000). In order to reduce poverty situation in Nigeria, especially in the rural communities, women must have rights to enough land and other natural resourcesin order to produce enough food, generate income for her family and earn foreign exchange for the nation (Idris, 2005). Agricultural activities are carried out on land to produce agricultural products. Therefore land is primarily required for the production of food for human and animal consumption. Importance of agriculture also includecultivation of plants for fibre, fuel and other organically derived products (Ken and Cotic, 2005). There is a great advocacy on focusing on investing in women in agriculture as farmers, fishers or workers in agro-processing and marketing of agricultural produce, yet women farmers do not have equal access to resources, but do the bulk of farm work (Enete and Achike, 2008).