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PHYSICS PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS


  • 1. Assessment of Tobacco Company Effluent for Radioactivity and other Parameters fo...

    » ABSTRACT Twenty (20) groundwater samples, four of which are control samples, comprising of ten (10) borehole and ten (10) locally hand dug wells were drawn randomly around British America Tobacco Company, Zaria. Some physical parameters: temperature, pH, conductivity and total dissolved solids were measured using thermometer, pH meter and conductivity meter. The samples were analysed for gross alp...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  -1 engagements | 

  • 2. Biomechanics of Surface Runoff and Soil Water Percolation

    » CHAPTER ONE Background of Study 1.1 Introduction Surface runoff and soil water percolation are closely associated with rainfall and melting of snow, or glaciers. Soil inability to absorb excess stormwater and meltwater due to heavy rainfall, high melt rate of snow and glacier, soil saturation, impervious resulting from surface sealing or pavement, etc., do lead to surface runoff [10]. Surface runo...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  0 engagements | 

  • 3. Construction of X/S Band for NigeriaSAT-2 Mission Control Centre and Validation ...

    » CHAPTER ONE GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1.1 Overview Early astronomers studied planetary bodies, and subsequently developed beliefs, projections and even scientific convictions that understanding the solar and planetary bodies will enable humans to truly understand the earth we live in. The quest to understand earth’s phenomena, complexity of its nature, simple and complex interactions of its numer...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  -1 engagements | 

  • 4. Control of Non-Linear Oscillations in Plasma Governed by a Van Der Pol Equation

    » CHAPTER ONE GENERALITY ON THE DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS The dynamical systems constitute a vast eld for science and study. Thus, their study is very important and it generates some interesting phenomena. And then, we will study some of the dynamical systems which are involved along the work. 1.1 Definition A dynamical system is one of which the state is described by a vector ~x with n components and of wh...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  -1 engagements | 

  • 5. Design and Construction of a Two Electrode Potentiostat

    » CHAPTER ONE BACKGROUND HISTORY During the year 1950, metallurgist and physio chemist tried to bring some light into a fascinating electrochemical phenomenon (Bard and Faulkner, 2001) called electrochemistry. Electrochemist discovered that if an iron electrode is dropped into diluted sulphuric acid (electrolyte), it will instantly start to corrode and if another electrode which will not corrode is ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  0 engagements | 

  • 6. Design of Sun Tracker for a PV System

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT A solar tracker is a device for orienting a photovoltaic array solar photovoltaic panel or concentrating solar reflector or lens toward the sun. The sun’s position in the sky varies both with the seasons (elevation) and time of day as the sun moves across the sky. Solar powered equipment works best when pointed at or near the sun, so a s...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  0 engagements | 

  • 7. Design, Implementation and Simulation of Prepaid Meter, Theft Monitoring System ...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study (Sule, 2010), described Power System as a network that provides regions, Industries and homes with electrical energy. He also stated that electricity generation, transmission and distribution are three stages of delivering electricity to consumers. This power system is known as the grid and can be broadly divided into the generators that supply ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  -1 engagements | 

  • 8. Development of a Correction Term for the Kinetic Energy Density Functional

    » CHAPTER ONE Introduction The quantum mechanics of many electron systems which have descriptions from time dependent and time independent Schrodinger and Liouville equations, is to a good approximation ostensibly a well understood subject. The Schrodinger equations present the theoretical bases for the description of both the time evolution and pure stationary states properties of atoms and molec...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  -1 engagements | 

  • 9. Effects of Bending on the Optoelectronic Properties and Failure Mechanism in Org...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Introduction The Global consumption of energy on the earth surface is estimated to be 15TW. 32TW is the total geothermal energy available, 870TW is that of wind and direct solar offers up to 86,000TW [1]. With these statistics, solar energy would be the ultimate source of fuel due to its abundance in availability. Ultimately, solar energy would replace the dwindling fossil fuels&rs...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  -1 engagements | 

  • 10. Electro-Magnetic Duality, Magnetic Monopoles and Topological Insulators

    » CHAPTER ONE Introduction This thesis will consider abelian U(1) and non abelian SO(3) gauge theories allowing for states carrying units of magnetic charge, the so called magnetic monopoles. The existence of such magnetic monopoles was first suggested by Dirac as a speculation and an outcome of a thought experiment [3]. It attracts so much attention because if a monopole with magnetic charge g exis...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  -1 engagements | 

  • 11. Exergy Analysis of Hybrid Solar PV Diesel/Biofuel System for Cogeneration (Elect...

    » The use of diesel generator to supply energy has been long used in rural areas. The pressure from environmental protection as the destruction of ozone layer, the fluctuation of the cost of Diesel, the maintenance, the production of energy for rural areas is solely subjected to the operation of diesel generator. Nevertheless ,the using sun as source of energy, clean and abundant attracts more and m...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  -1 engagements | 

  • 12. Femtosecond Laser Surface Texturing of Materials for Various Applications

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Background and Introduction Modification of surface properties over multiple length scale plays an important role in optimizing a material’s performance for a given application. A materials susceptibility to wear and surface damage can be reduced by altering its surface chemistry, morphology, and crystal structure. Also, one can consider the optical properties as well as the ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  0 engagements | 

  • 13. First Principle Study: Adsorption of Molecular Hydrogen Sulphide on Gold Cluster...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1 Introduction Finite gold clusters and gold containing nanometer sized structures are currently being investigated because of their applications in a wide variety of areas, including medical science[1], molecular electronic devices[2 4], catalysis[5 7] and chirality of nano structures[8,9]. The structural and electronic properties of gold clusters and their compounds have been studied...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  -1 engagements | 

  • 14. In Uence of Molecular Polarizability on the Active Layer of Organic Photovoltaic...

    » CHAPTER ONE Introduction As the world is faced with the issues of ever decreasing fossil fuel and ever increasing environmental crises resulting from greenhouse gas production, photovoltaic (PV) technology has become a main focus of attention. The success of any PV technology depends on its efficiency, lifetime and cost. Silicon based solar cells (a type of IPV) have high efficiencies. However, th...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  -1 engagements | 

  • 15. Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Transport of Encapsulated Drug Through a Lipid ...

    » CHAPTER ONE Introduction Everything that living things do can be understood in terms of the jigglings and wigglings of atoms” Richard Feynman 1.1 Overview Traditional chemotherapy is ineffective and often accompanied by harmful side effects due to the inability of anticancer drugs to discriminate cancer cells from healthy cells. In essence, most anticancer drugs act on rapidly dividing healt...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  -1 engagements | 

  • 16. Nonlinear Effects in Flow in Porous Duct

    » CHAPTER ONE Introduction 1.1 Introduction In the previous years, the problems of fluid flow through porous duct have arouse the interest of Engineers and Mathematicians, the problems have been studied for their possible applications in cases of membrane filtration, transpiration cooling, gaseous diffusions and drinking water treatment as well as biomedical engineerings. Such flows are very sensiti...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  0 engagements | 

  • 17. Performance Optimization of Tin Halide Perovskite Solar Cells Via Numerical Simu...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 General Background The limited resources of conventional nonrenewable energy sources such as gas, coal and petroleum, along with the growing opposition to nuclear power generation, motivated by concerns about safety issues and radioactive waste disposal, have led to an increasing demand for safer, cleaner, and, most importantly, renewable sources of energy. Photovoltai...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  -1 engagements | 

  • 18. Optical Properties of Metal Clusters from First Principles Calculations

    » CHAPTER INTRODUCTION Metal clusters are particles composed of a certain number N of atoms with 3 < N < 107 [17]. Early studies on metal clusters are traceable to the work of Faraday on a gold colloidal particle that is responsible for the red stain in glass [8]. Mie in 1908 gave a mathematical and theoretical framework for studying the properties of small particles when he gave the exact sol...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  0 engagements | 

  • 19. Pulsed Lasers in Lidar Application: Models for Optimizing Wind Turbine Performan...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background and Motivation “The fuel in the earth will be exhausted in a thousand or more years, and its mineral wealth, but man will find substitutes for these in the winds, the waves, the sun’s heat, and so forth.” True to those words of John Burroughs uttered over a century ago, man is really finding viable renewable energy alternatives in the wind....Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  -1 engagements | 

  • 20. Quantum Simulation of a Transverse-Field Ising Model

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Magnetic Systems Magnetism is a common phenomenon observed in some materials in nature. A magnetic material unlike an electric charge cannot exist as a monopole but as a dipole. The smallest unit of a magnet which is usually referred to as “magnons” exists as a dipole of north pole and south pole. Opposite poles of a magnet attracts. A magnet is a material that produces...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  -1 engagements | 

. ABSTRACT, Proposals, Literature Reviews, Aims & Objectives, Methodology, Surveys & Implementations