Project Body:




Pupils are valuable assets and the most important components of education. It is vitally important to direct students to demonstrate acceptable attitudes and behaviors both inside and outside of school. In order to produce an ordered and tranquil school environment while also maintaining law and order, school administration must have particular rules and regulations in place to regulate the activities of members of the educational organization. Pupil discipline is required for practically everything a school has to offer students, according to Seifert and Vornberg (2002). Siefert and Vornberg go on to relate discipline to the school's culture and environment, arguing that "in order for a suitable atmosphere to exist inside a school, a certain amount of discipline must exist." In schools where indiscipline is a severe problem, such as when students bully others, parents might move their children to 'better' schools, and because well-behaved students typically do well (Rigby, 2000), their transfer can have an impact on the overall performance of that school.

Consequently, acts of indiscipline appear to have become a common occurrence in our daily lives. For some, indiscipline is a symbol of modernism, fashion, and masculinity. In today's environment, indiscipline manifests itself not only in our clothing but also in our attitude toward life and our general methods of doing things. Indiscipline is a behavioral problem described as a delinquent conduct. Similarly, lying, stealing, playing truant, or fleeing from home. It is frequently the source of significant mental, emotional, and bodily harm. Such as property damage in both houses and schools. A youngster who is not disciplined will never be able to be controlled and will do almost anything if he or she does not receive what he or she wants.

Pupil indiscipline appears to be widespread in Nigerian primary schools in the twenty-first century. Disciplinary is an important aspect of a child's socialization; with the recent growth in school enrollment, students' discipline problems are certain to exacerbate and place more responsibilities on teachers and school administrators, leading to failure in primary schools. Inability of students to discriminate between acceptable and inappropriate behavior causes issues in integrating into more disciplined environments, resulting in resentment and subsequent escalation of the problem. Eventually, appropriate education may become hard to get, making it difficult to acquire or keep a job, or even integrate into society. The issue of indiscipline has been a big worry for parents and individuals in the school community who advocate for instructors to use disciplinary tactics and for rapport to be built between students and teachers as a systematic approach to problem management. Troubled students can often cause teachers to respond emotionally, even to the point of resorting to punishment. However, instead of reducing behavior, punishment might exacerbate it (Dreikurs et al 1998). According to McManus (1995), punishment does not deter misbehavior but rather strengthens students' perceptions of adults as deceitful.


The standard of discipline has increasingly deteriorated, and society or community can be somewhat blamed for this deterioration, but citizens prefer to be blamed for failing to combat it. Moral and spiritual values have been abandoned by society in the name of progress and technology, and as a result, our cultures appear to have lost sight of the core of a disciplined life. Notably in lower basic classes, indiscipline is the most common challenge faced by teachers all over the world. Researchers have been studying various ways of managing discipline and the studies will continue for as long there will be schools. Maphosa (2011) assert that the issue of learners’ indiscipline has taken centre stage for a long time both internationally and nationally. Most common behavioral problems among undisciplined learners include truancy, fighting, shouting, snatching other learners’ property, bullying, cheating, viewing pornographic materials, threatening teachers among others (Zubaida, 2009). Bizzarely Teachers fail to control learners as their authority has been undermined by parent directives and school authority (Etesi, 2012). According to Ouma et al., (2013) effect of indiscipline on pupils includes lateness, noise making, absenteeism, fighting, defiance, bullying, drug abuse, failure to complete assignments, sexual harassment, use of abusive language, drug trafficking, drop out and social vices in the society.

            Although several studies has been carried out in relation to discipline, politeness, home influence (Duckworth & Seligman, 2006; Pasternak, 2013; Zhao & Kuo, 2015). The inconsistency of findings and the identified gaps suggested the need for more research the impact of indiscipline in primary school.

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