1.1 Background of the Study
Port facility is defined as a specific location in a port where passengers or commodities are transferred between land and water carriers or between two water carriers, including wharves, piers, sheds, warehouses, yards, and docks (USLEGAL, 2018). Ocean water terminals are classified as fixed-port facilities, unimproved port facilities, or bare beach port facilities. These facilities are further sub classified as general cargo terminal, container terminal, RO/RO terminal, and combination terminal. Normally, general cargo terminal operations apply to all ocean water terminals while the rest of the three terminals are applicable to a fixed-port facility. Fixed port facility usually has state-of-the-art facilities and equipment, and is organized to support cargo discharge and port clearance operations (USLEGAL, 2018).