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BIOLOGY PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS


  • 21. EFFECT OF DEFOLIATION ON THE GROWTH AND SEED YIELD OF FOUR GROUNDNUT (ARACHIS HY...

    » ABSTRACT Four groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties (SAMNUT 21, SAMNUT 22, SMANUT 23 and SAMNUT 24) were grown in the Botanical garden, Department of Biological Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria to determine the effects of defoliation on the growth and yield of the varieties. The experiments were laid out in a completely randomized design with five treatments (defoliation) levels. The p...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  5 engagements | 

  • 22. OCCURRENCE OF PARASITES’ CYSTS, OOCYSTS AND EGGS ON BANK FACILITIES IN BENUE S...

    » ABSTRACT Species of parasitic organisms whose cysts, oocysts and ova occurred on specific commercial banks’ facilities and intensities of contamination were evaluated via environmental parasitological assays in the three towns of Benue State, Northcentral Nigeria. Eighteen (18) of the common commercial banks (six per town) with wide branch network in the state, that consented, were selected ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  7 engagements | 

  • 23. EFFECT OF MONTHLY VARIATION IN WATER TEMPERATURE ON ARTIFICIAL BREEDING OF COMMO...

    » ABSTRACT The effect of monthly variation in water temperature on artificial breeding of common carp, Cyprinus carpio using ovaprim as an ovulation stimulator was studied. Two years old common carp brood stocks weighing 800 2500grams were obtained from Panyam fish farm in Jos, Nigeria. They were transported to the Department of Biological Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria and mainta...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  5 engagements | 

  • 24. EFFECT OF TWO KINDS OF SOLVENT ON CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF CYMBOPOGON CITRATUS OI...

    » ABSTRACT The experiment was designed to determine the effect of two different solvent (N hexane and petroleum ether) on chemical composition of lemongrass oil. The oil was extracted from lemongrass using N hexane and petroleum ether using soxhlet extraction method. The chemical composition of essential oil obtained were analyse using GC MS machine. The result shows 4.4% of oil were obtained from l...Continue Reading »

    66 pages |  5 engagements | 

  • 25. ANTI NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION OF SECURIDACA LONGEPEDUNCULATA (VIOLET TREE). RESE...

    » ABSTRACT The anti nutritional composition of leafs and stem bark s. longepedunculata were investigated using standard analytical methods. The leafs and stem bark of S. longepedunculata was air dried and the sample was pulverized for the determination of anti nutritive contents. The anti nutritional continents viz phytate, oxalate, nitrate and cyanide were determined in this investigation. Nitrate ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  4 engagements | 

  • 26. THE EFFECT OF AQUEOUS AND METHANOL EXTRACTS OF MORINGA OLEIFERA (LAM) AERIAL PAR...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) is the fifth most important world cereal and an important native cereal in Africa (FAO, 1995 and ICRISAT, 1996; Murty and Renard, 2001). Total world production of sorghum in the year 2002 was estimated at about 54 million tons (FAO, 2004) and annual production of about 70 million metric tons of grains from 50 million hectares of land (Natio...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  7 engagements | 

  • 27. SURVEY OF PLANTS USED IN BEAUTY CARE AMONG THE FULANIS IN WAMAKKO LOCAL GOVERNME...

    » ABSTRACT An ethnobotanical study of plants used in beauty care among the Fulani tribes uin Wamakko Local Government Area of Sokoto State was conducted. The information was obtained through interview by the use of questionnaires distributed to the respondents identified by random sampling such as shepherd, farmers and civil servant, all of them from Fulani tribes. These plants were various plant pa...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  10 engagements | 

  • 28. EFFECTS OF DRYING METHODS ON NUTRIENT CONTENTS OF MORINGA OLEIFERA (LAM.) LEAVE...

    » ABSTRACT The study was carried out to determine the effect of drying methods on the nutrient contents of Moringa oleifera at the Agric. Chemical Laboratory (Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto) and The Energy Research Field of Sokoto Energy Center, Sokoto. Fresh leaves were collected and cleaned then dried using different drying methods viz. shade drying, solar drying, oven drying and sun drying. T...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  6 engagements | 

  • 29. THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE INVITRO PRODUCTION OF AMYLASE BY SPECIES OF BACILLU...

    » ABSTRACT Comparative study of biodegradation of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) by Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was studied for 16 days. Starch hydrolysis test was conducted on Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa to detect starch degradation and amylase potentiality. Clear zone of hydrolysis was observed which indicates the ability of both organisms to degrade the complex ca...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  5 engagements | 

  • 30. IN VITRO STUDIES IN TO THE EFFICACY OF CITRUS PEELS (ORANGE, LEMON AND GRAPE) CO...

    » ABSTRACT The extracts of fresh peels of lemon, orange, and grapefruit showed significant nematostatic effect against M. incognita second stage juveniles after 48 h treatment. The nemticidal activity was very low in all the extracts of fresh peels but was greatly enhanced in the extracts of stored pulpified peels with 90.8 %, 93.5 %, and 85.0 % mortality of nematodes for lemon, orange, and grapefru...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  4 engagements | 

  • 31. ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF LEPTADENIA HASTATA ON SOME SELECTED BACTERIA

    » ABSTRACT The phytochemical analysis and antibacterial activities of the ethanol, methanol and aqueous (cold water) extracts of the leaves of Leptadenia hastata were investigated against some selected pathogenic bacteria which include Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa at 62.5, 125, 250 and 500mg/ml concentrations using Agar well diffusion method. T...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  4 engagements | 

  • 32. MICROBIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF INDOOR AND OUTDOOR AIR OF FAITH MEDIPLEX HOSPITAL,...

    » ABSTRACT This study was aimed at investigating the microbial load and the quality of indoor air Faith Mediplex Centre, Benin City, to ascertain their contribution to infection rate in the hospital. Air samples were assessed for three (3) months (June August, 2015) using the settled plate methods. The study sites were divided into five (5) units; male medical ward, female medical ward, treatment ro...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  5 engagements | 

  • 33. EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE POPULATION OF HYDROCARBON DEGRADING BACTERIA IN PAL...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION Palm oil is one of the most important vegetable oil in the world’s oil fat market. The extraction and purification processes generate different kinds of wastes generally known as palm oil mill effluent (POME).The biode gradation of hydrocarbons by microorganisms has become the main mechanism for eliminating palm oil and petroleum derived pollution in the environm...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  4 engagements | 

  • 34. THE INCIDENCE OF BACILLUS CEREUS FROM THE PREPARATION TO CONSUMPTION OF TUWO.

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Bacillus cereus is the cause of two kinds of food borne diseases, an emetic (vomiting) intoxication due to the ingestion of a toxin (cereulide) pre formed in the food and a diarrhoeal infection due to the ingestion of bacterial cells/spores which produce enterotoxins in the small intestine (Lubenau .C. 1906). Other Bacillus spp, Bacillus sub...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  4 engagements | 

  • 35. TOTAL BIOLOAD AND INCIDENCE OF ESCHERICHIA COLI IN READY-TO-EAT MEALS SOLD IN TH...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Jollof rice is a cooking variation of rice which involves a grain of monocotyledonous plant, Oryza sativa and is the most popular staple food for a large part of the world human population, especially in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Latin America and the West Indies (Boyce et al. 1996). Rice is the grain with the second highest worldwide production after ma...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  5 engagements | 

  • 36. ASSESSMENT OF LACTOBACILLI FROM NONO AND OGI TWO LOCALLY FERMENTED FOODS FOR HYP...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION The incidence of hypercholesterolemia is increasing rapidly with the implements people’s living standard and alteration of life style. Hypercholesterolemia is characterized by high level of cholesterol in the blood. rdiovascular disease due to atherosclerosis of the arterial vessels wall and to the thrombosis is the cause of premature mortality and a disability a...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  5 engagements | 

  • 37. HEMATOLOGY AND PLASMA CHEMISTRY REFERENCE OF OREOCHROMIS HYBRID AND CLARIAS GARI...

    » ABSTRACT Tilapia and catfish are a commonly aquaculture fish yet little is known about their normal physiology and response to disease. The present study was carried out to determine the result of complete hematologic and plasma chemistry profile of cat fish Clarias gariepinus (n = 15), and tilapia Oreochromis hybrid (n = 15) obtained from a commercial pond in Gwagwalada and a lake source in jabi ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  4 engagements | 

  • 38. THE PREVALENCE OF ENDOPARASITES IN THE GASTRO-INTESTINAL TRACTS OF NILE TILAPIA ...

    » CHAPTER ONE Fishing is an important component of aquaculture in Nigeria. Fish is important as a source of protein with low cholesterol level in the diets of the populace and economically as a source of subsistence income (Aken’ova, 2000). In line with the increasing aquaculture activities, substantial information has been generated on aquaculture related subjects in the country. An exception...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  5 engagements | 

  • 39. THE ANTI-MALARIA ACTIVITY OF CRUDE LEAF EXTRACT OF PHYLLANTUS AMARUS AND SOLANUM...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Medicinal Plant Medicinal plants are various plants which can have medicinal properties. Plants in most developing countries, as a basis for promoting and maintenance of good health, has been widely recognized (UNESCO, 1996). Historically, plants have provided a source of inspiration for novel drug compounds, as plant derived medicines have made large contributions to ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  5 engagements | 

  • 40. THE EFFECT OF MOSQUITO ON MAN: A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED AREAS IN OVIA NORT ...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Globally, mosquitoes without questioned the most important of the insects. At present time over 200 million people in over a hundred and subtropical countries of the world live under the threat of mosquito. According to world Health Organization (WHO) it is estimated that mosquito causes or contributes to the deaths of between one and three mill...Continue Reading »

    66 pages |  9 engagements | 

. ABSTRACT, Proposals, Literature Reviews, Aims & Objectives, Methodology, Surveys & Implementations