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BIOLOGY PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS


  • 61. THE PREVALENCE OF STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIA THAT CAUSES PNEUMONIA AMONGST ELDERLY ...

    » ABSTRACT Pneumonia is an increasingly common disease in the elderly due to an aging population. In this study the prevalence of Streptococcus pneumonia (34%), which causes pneumonia amongst other organism that, causes pneumonia. The antibiotics sensitivity pattern was 25mm for ciprofloxacin and 20mm for CeftolozaneTazobactam. Several models have been postulated to predict severity assessment and p...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  313 engagements | 

  • 62. EFFECT OF SPENT OIL ( ENGINE OIL) ON THE PHYSIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL, A RE...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the study The disposal of spent engine oil (SEO) into gutters, water drains, open vacant plots and farms is a common practice in Nigeria especially by motor mechanics. This oil, also called spent lubricant or waste engine oil, is usually obtained after servicing and subsequently draining from automobile and generator engines (Anoliefo and Vwioko, 2001) an...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  263 engagements | 

  • 63. EFFECTS OF COPPER AND LEAD ON THE PHYSIOLOGY OF SALVINIA MOLESTA, PISTIA STRATIO...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 General Introduction A pollutant is any substance in the environment, which causes objectionable effects, impairing the welfare of the environment, reducing the quality of life and may eventually cause death. Such a substance has to be present in the environment beyond a set or tolerance limit, which could be either a desirable or acceptable limit. Environment is d...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  213 engagements | 

  • 64. THE EFFECTS OF CHLOROQUINE, PARACETAMOL AND PROMETHAZINE ON THE PHARMACOKINETICS...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Pharmacokinetics Pharmacokinetics is the study of the time course of drug and metabolite levels in different fluids, tissues, and excreta of the body, and of the mathematical relationships required to develop models to interpret such data (Gibaldi and Perrier, 2004). Neligan (2006) defined Pharmacokinetics as the study of what the body does to a drug. Pharmacokinetics ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  340 engagements | 

  • 65. ECOTOXICITY OF TITANIUM DIOXIDE NANOPARTICLE TO CHLORELLA VULGARIS BEYERINCK (TR...

    » ABSTRACT The broad application of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in many consumer products has resulted in the release of substantial amounts into aquatic system, which serve as the terminal sink for nanomaterials. These titanium dioxide nanoparticles may induce some unexpected toxic effects to aquatic organisms such as microalgae. This study was carried out to evaluate the toxicity of limited nit...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  181 engagements | 

  • 66. ABUNDANCE OF MOSQUITO SPECIES WITHIN SOKOTO METROPOLIS. RESEARCH TOPICS ON BIOLO...

    » ABSTRACT The study was conducted to determine the abundance of mosquito species within Sokoto metropolis. Three (3) locations, which are Danbuwa, Gobirawa and GidanIgwai, in three (3) Local Government Areas, namely; DangeShuni, Sokoto South and Sokoto North Local Government Areas respectively, were sampled out of the five (5) Local Government Areas that make up Sokoto Metropolis were sampled. A to...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  284 engagements | 

  • 67. EFFECT OF DEFOLIATION ON THE GROWTH AND SEED YIELD OF FOUR GROUNDNUT (ARACHIS HY...

    » ABSTRACT Four groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties (SAMNUT 21, SAMNUT 22, SMANUT 23 and SAMNUT 24) were grown in the Botanical garden, Department of Biological Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria to determine the effects of defoliation on the growth and yield of the varieties. The experiments were laid out in a completely randomized design with five treatments (defoliation) levels. The p...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  212 engagements | 

  • 68. OCCURRENCE OF PARASITES’ CYSTS, OOCYSTS AND EGGS ON BANK FACILITIES IN BENUE S...

    » ABSTRACT Species of parasitic organisms whose cysts, oocysts and ova occurred on specific commercial banks’ facilities and intensities of contamination were evaluated via environmental parasitological assays in the three towns of Benue State, Northcentral Nigeria. Eighteen (18) of the common commercial banks (six per town) with wide branch network in the state, that consented, were selected ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  161 engagements | 

  • 69. EFFECT OF MONTHLY VARIATION IN WATER TEMPERATURE ON ARTIFICIAL BREEDING OF COMMO...

    » ABSTRACT The effect of monthly variation in water temperature on artificial breeding of common carp, Cyprinus carpio using ovaprim as an ovulation stimulator was studied. Two years old common carp brood stocks weighing 800 2500grams were obtained from Panyam fish farm in Jos, Nigeria. They were transported to the Department of Biological Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria and mainta...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  186 engagements | 

  • 70. EFFECT OF TWO KINDS OF SOLVENT ON CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF CYMBOPOGON CITRATUS OI...

    » ABSTRACT The experiment was designed to determine the effect of two different solvent (N hexane and petroleum ether) on chemical composition of lemongrass oil. The oil was extracted from lemongrass using N hexane and petroleum ether using soxhlet extraction method. The chemical composition of essential oil obtained were analyse using GC MS machine. The result shows 4.4% of oil were obtained from l...Continue Reading »

    66 pages |  146 engagements | 

  • 71. ANTI NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION OF SECURIDACA LONGEPEDUNCULATA (VIOLET TREE). RESE...

    » ABSTRACT The anti nutritional composition of leafs and stem bark s. longepedunculata were investigated using standard analytical methods. The leafs and stem bark of S. longepedunculata was air dried and the sample was pulverized for the determination of anti nutritive contents. The anti nutritional continents viz phytate, oxalate, nitrate and cyanide were determined in this investigation. Nitrate ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  177 engagements | 

  • 72. THE EFFECT OF AQUEOUS AND METHANOL EXTRACTS OF MORINGA OLEIFERA (LAM) AERIAL PAR...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) is the fifth most important world cereal and an important native cereal in Africa (FAO, 1995 and ICRISAT, 1996; Murty and Renard, 2001). Total world production of sorghum in the year 2002 was estimated at about 54 million tons (FAO, 2004) and annual production of about 70 million metric tons of grains from 50 million hectares of land (Natio...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  205 engagements | 

  • 73. SURVEY OF PLANTS USED IN BEAUTY CARE AMONG THE FULANIS IN WAMAKKO LOCAL GOVERNME...

    » ABSTRACT An ethnobotanical study of plants used in beauty care among the Fulani tribes uin Wamakko Local Government Area of Sokoto State was conducted. The information was obtained through interview by the use of questionnaires distributed to the respondents identified by random sampling such as shepherd, farmers and civil servant, all of them from Fulani tribes. These plants were various plant pa...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  85 engagements | 

  • 74. EFFECTS OF DRYING METHODS ON NUTRIENT CONTENTS OF MORINGA OLEIFERA (LAM.) LEAVE...

    » ABSTRACT The study was carried out to determine the effect of drying methods on the nutrient contents of Moringa oleifera at the Agric. Chemical Laboratory (Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto) and The Energy Research Field of Sokoto Energy Center, Sokoto. Fresh leaves were collected and cleaned then dried using different drying methods viz. shade drying, solar drying, oven drying and sun drying. T...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  264 engagements | 

  • 75. THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE INVITRO PRODUCTION OF AMYLASE BY SPECIES OF BACILLU...

    » ABSTRACT Comparative study of biodegradation of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) by Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was studied for 16 days. Starch hydrolysis test was conducted on Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa to detect starch degradation and amylase potentiality. Clear zone of hydrolysis was observed which indicates the ability of both organisms to degrade the complex ca...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  139 engagements | 

  • 76. IN VITRO STUDIES IN TO THE EFFICACY OF CITRUS PEELS (ORANGE, LEMON AND GRAPE) CO...

    » ABSTRACT The extracts of fresh peels of lemon, orange, and grapefruit showed significant nematostatic effect against M. incognita second stage juveniles after 48 h treatment. The nemticidal activity was very low in all the extracts of fresh peels but was greatly enhanced in the extracts of stored pulpified peels with 90.8 %, 93.5 %, and 85.0 % mortality of nematodes for lemon, orange, and grapefru...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  177 engagements | 

  • 77. ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF LEPTADENIA HASTATA ON SOME SELECTED BACTERIA

    » ABSTRACT The phytochemical analysis and antibacterial activities of the ethanol, methanol and aqueous (cold water) extracts of the leaves of Leptadenia hastata were investigated against some selected pathogenic bacteria which include Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa at 62.5, 125, 250 and 500mg/ml concentrations using Agar well diffusion method. T...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  183 engagements | 

  • 78. MICROBIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF INDOOR AND OUTDOOR AIR OF FAITH MEDIPLEX HOSPITAL,...

    » ABSTRACT This study was aimed at investigating the microbial load and the quality of indoor air Faith Mediplex Centre, Benin City, to ascertain their contribution to infection rate in the hospital. Air samples were assessed for three (3) months (June August, 2015) using the settled plate methods. The study sites were divided into five (5) units; male medical ward, female medical ward, treatment ro...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  180 engagements | 

  • 79. EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE POPULATION OF HYDROCARBON DEGRADING BACTERIA IN PAL...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION Palm oil is one of the most important vegetable oil in the world’s oil fat market. The extraction and purification processes generate different kinds of wastes generally known as palm oil mill effluent (POME).The biode gradation of hydrocarbons by microorganisms has become the main mechanism for eliminating palm oil and petroleum derived pollution in the environm...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  216 engagements | 

  • 80. THE INCIDENCE OF BACILLUS CEREUS FROM THE PREPARATION TO CONSUMPTION OF TUWO.

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Bacillus cereus is the cause of two kinds of food borne diseases, an emetic (vomiting) intoxication due to the ingestion of a toxin (cereulide) pre formed in the food and a diarrhoeal infection due to the ingestion of bacterial cells/spores which produce enterotoxins in the small intestine (Lubenau .C. 1906). Other Bacillus spp, Bacillus sub...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  195 engagements | 

. ABSTRACT, Proposals, Literature Reviews, Aims & Objectives, Methodology, Surveys & Implementations